Exam Power: 09 May 2018 Today Current Affairs

Exam Power: 09 May 2018 Today Current Affairs

Gandhinagar team takes initial steps to develop a vaccine for leptospirosis
A New preventive vaccine against leptospirosis has been successfully identified by researchers from the Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre, Gandhinagar.
Leptospirosis is an emerging tropical infectious disease, and currently, there is no preventive vaccine for humans that is available in the market. The researchers used computer-based analysis to study the whole protein set of the bacteria Leptospira interrogans and narrowed the search down to one effective immunogenic protein. This protein was found to be present in almost all the serovars (different types within a species) of the bacteria and can be an effective vaccine candidate against most serovars.
According to a paper published in 2015, leptospirosis causes almost 60,000 deaths every year, globally. The bacteria can be transmitted via exposure to contaminated water or soil or direct contact with reservoirs hosts like wild or domestic animals.
Among these proteins, the researchers further searched to identify the outer membrane proteins as these are known to play important roles in the interaction between the bacteria and their host. Further computational modeling and simulation helped the researchers narrow it to one specific protein. The protein was chosen as the candidate immunogen once the physicochemical and structural studies were carried out.
The researchers then looked for sites on human T cells and B cells where the antigen could bind. Identification of target sites is a key step in vaccine design.
Third Edition Of UNPCAP Inaugurated In New Delhi
The third edition of the United Nations Peacekeeping Course for African Partners (UNPCAP) was inaugurated in New Delhi.

The course is being conducted by the Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping in India (CUNPK) in partnership with the United States.

The main aim of the course is to build and enhance the capacity of the African Troop Contributing Countries to the UN and to further train the trainers from these countries

Google appointed Nitin Bawankule Head Of India Cloud Business

Google appointed Nitin Bawankule as the country head for its cloud business in India, as the search giant looks at taking a larger share of the booming demand for those services in the country.

Bawankule has been with Google for six years and was previously head of sales for its e-commerce, retail and classifieds and education business.

Bawankule will report to Rick Harshman, managing director of Asia Pacific for Google Cloud.

CSWRI scientists comes up with new sheep insemination technique

Scientists at central Sheep and Wool Research Institute (CSWRI) Avikanagar, Rajasthan have come up with new laparoscopy technique involves into the abdomen through a small incision.

Using it, Reproductive track of sheep kept as a livestock.

The new technique is resolved and finally 60% of survival in the birth of lambs.

Using this technique, as many as females can be inseminated from a single ejaculate.

It will be a great technique in the breed improvement techniques.

September 2019 Climate Summit To Be Held In New York: UN Chief

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres announced to hold a climate summit in September 2019 in New York to review the commitments of the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

The announcement was made at the opening ceremony of the 37th session of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.

In March 2018, Guterres appointed former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg as his Special Envoy for Climate Action who was tasked to support the United Nations (UN) in its climate strategy and in organizing the 2019 summit.

USA Withdraws From Iran Nuclear Deal

President Donald Trump announced US withdrawal from the 2015 landmark nuclear deal with Iran.

Mr. DonaldTrump signed a fresh set of sanctions against Iran and warned countries against any cooperation with Tehran on its controversial nuclear weapons programme. 

According to the President, the deal gave Iran millions in cash and did not prevent it from acquiring nuclear weapons.

The historic nuclear deal was reached in Vienna in July 2015 between Iran and the P5 (the five permanent members of the UN Security Council) along with Germany and the European Union.

Carlos Alvarado Sworn In As Costa Rican President

Carlos Alvarado was sworn in as the new President of Costa Rica.

Alvarado swept to victory against conservative Protestant singer Fabricio Alvarado Munoz.

At 39, Alvarado is the country's youngest president in modern histor

Nikol Pashinyan Becomes Prime Minister Of Armenia

Armenia’s parliament elected Nikol Pashinyan as a new prime minister in a 59-42 vote.

His election comes after Serzh Sargsyan’s resignation as Prime minister of Armenia.

Nikol Pashinyan is the leader of Civil Contract party.

He is a former newspaper editor.

Sources : Indian Express, The Hindu, Economics Time, PIB, Business Standard, ANI

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