Exam Power: 13 April 2018 Today Current Affairs

Exam Power: 13 April 2018 Current Affairs

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: What Happened On April 13, 1919 In Amritsar?

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on April 13, 1919. This is remembered as one of the deadliest attacks in the history of the world and is also a turning point in India's freedom struggle. At the Jallianwala Bagh, which is garden spread across 6 to 7 acres, a large gathering of 15,000-20,000 people with a majority of Sikhs, took place to celebrate the Punjabi harvest festival of Baisakhi. They had also gathered to revolt against the repressive Rowlatt Act that provided for stricter control of the press, arrests without warrant and indefinite detention without trial. But little did they know what the British India Army had in mind.
What happened in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of April 13, 1919 in Amritsar:

-> On this day, around 50 troops of the British Indian Army, under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer, fired rifles into a crowd of Baishakhi pilgrims, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.

-> The civilians, that had a majority of Sikh population, had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to celebrate the harvest festival and also to condemn the arrest and deportation of two national leaders, Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew.

-> On Colonel Dyer's orders, his troops indiscriminately fired on the group of gathered civilians for about 10 minutes.

-> According to British government, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre left 379 dead and 1,200 wounded. The Indian National Congress, however, estimated that more than were 1,500 injured, with approximately 1,000 dead.

-> The incident fueled anger among people, leading to the Non-cooperation Movement of 1920-22.

World's largest solar park to come up in Gujarat 
Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani today approved setting up a 5,000 MW capacity solar park at the Dholera Special Investment Region (SIR), which would be the largest such entity in the world after its completion. 

The proposed solar power generation project would be set up in 11,000 hectares of land with an investment of Rs 25,000 crore, said an official release. 

The project will contribute significantly in achieving Prime Minister Narendra Modi's target of producing 175 gigawatt of electricity through renewable energy sources by 2022 .

Union Cabinet approves Host country Agreement between India and ISA

The Union Cabinet approved the signing of Host country (Headquarters) Agreement between India and International Solar Alliance (ISA). 

The agreement was signed between Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and ISA in March 2018.

Balram Bhargava appointed as New DG Of ICMR

Balram Bhargava appointed as the new Director-General of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Secretary of the Department of Health Research.

Bhargava, currently a senior consultant cardiologist at the All India Institute of Medical Science, will carry out this role until 2021.

He will succeed Soumya Swaminathan

IIT Delhi sets up India s first 5G lab
IIT-Delhi (IIT-D) has set up a radio lab with an array of antennas for “standardisation, research and manufacturing” of 5G equipment, the institute said on Tuesday.

“In an effort to establish India as a key global player in the standardisation, research and development and manufacturing of 5G equipment, a Massive MIMO radio laboratory has been set up at IIT Delhi and will be inaugurated on April 13. This will be the first such lab in India,” an IIT-Delhi statement said.

Saif Khan Mohammed, an IIT-D professor working on the Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technology, said it will help curb the emittance of radiation harmful to our health and also allow less radio interference for better communication.

New Delhi’s IGI Airport ranked 16th in the list of 20 busiest airports in the world

New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGI Airport) has now become one of the 20 busiest airports in the world for the year 2017 in terms of traffic volumes.

What’s interesting to note is that Delhi’s IGI Airport has climbed up from 22nd position in 2016 to the current position of 16 in the ranking of the world’s busiest airports. As per the Airports Council International (ACI), which has come out with these rankings, the IGI Airport is now one of the fastest growing airports in the world.

India ranked 130 in Economic Freedom Index 2018
• India was ranked at 130th spot in the latest annual Index of Economic Freedom, which was released by a top American think-tank the Heritage Foundation.

• India has jumped up 13 places in this year’s ranking. In 2017, India with a score of 52.6 points was ranked at 143 among 180 countries.

• As per the latest Index of Economic Freedom, China has jumped one spot and Pakistan is now at the 131st position. China with 57.4 points was ranked 111 in the 2017. 

• The report said Economic liberalisation measures, including industrial deregulation, privatisation of state-owned enterprises and reduced controls on foreign trade and investment, that began in the early 1990s, accelerated growth. 

• The report also mentioned that Corruption, underdeveloped infrastructure, a restrictive and burdensome regulatory environment, and poor financial and budget management continue to undermine overall development.

Kohli and Mithali voted world’s best
India captains Virat Kohli and Mithali Raj were named as the leading men’s and women’s cricketers in the world respectively.

Kohli won his award for the second year in a row after again starring in all formats, while Raj was acknowledged after a year in which she became the leading run-scorer in women’s One-Day Internationals during India’s run to the World Cup final.

Shuttler Kidambi Srikanth becomes World No 1

• Ace Indian shuttler Kidambi Srikanth became World number 1 in men’s singles category after Badminton World Federation updated its weekly rankings on April 12, 2018.

• He overtook World Champion Viktor Axelsen at the top of rankings with 76,895 points. 

• Srikanth has now become the first Indian male shuttler to achieve the feat in modern ranking system.
• He joins Saina Nehwal to become only the second Indian to achieve the feat. 

• Twenty-five year old Srikanth had missed out on the chance to become No. 1 in the world last year after suffering an injury. 

CWG 2018:

Indian Wrestler bagged 02 Gold , 01 Silver and 01 Bronze Medal on the opening day  of their competitions.

  • Olympian Sushil kumar won Gold medal 74 kg category and Rahul Aware in 75 kg category.
  • Babita kumari claimed the Silver Medal  53 kg category after she loss to Canada Daina Weicker.
  • Kiran bagged the Bronze in 76 kg category.

Sources : Indian Express, The Hindu, Economics Time, PIB, NDTV

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